Health Notes

Carbohydrate Loading and Sprinting

Carbohydrate loading is a dietary strategy that involves consuming large quantities of carbohydrates several days before an athletic event, in the hopes of storing a large amount of energy for your performance. During this period, athletes typically reduce the amount of activity they perform, such as training runs and workouts, in order to avoid tapping into the stored energy reserves. It is  recommends that you structure your diet so that carbohydrates comprise 50 to 55 percent of calories about a week before your event. Three to four days before the event, increase the concentration of carbohydrates to 70 percent of your diet.

Carbohydrate Loading and Sprinting

According to MayoClinic.com, carbohydrate loading is "most beneficial if you're an endurance athlete — such as a marathon runner, swimmer or cyclist that is preparing for an event that will last 90 minutes or more." Meanwhile, the Australian Sports Commission notes that carbohydrate loading isn't required for sprint events because they don't deplete glycogen levels like endurance events. Carbohydrate loading can also cause digestive discomfort and weight gain, which may hinder your sprint performance significantly.

Better Approaches for Sprinters

Although you should prioritize carbohydrates in your diet as a sprinter, carbohydrate loading is not optimal. Instead of focusing on loading carbohydrates for days ahead of time, make sure that you eat a diet that has plenty of carbohydrates in it. Also focus on having carbohydrate-rich snacks one to two hours before competition, in addition to a larger meal four hours before competition. This will give you enough energy to compete but not so many carbohydrates that you will overload your body and hinder your performance.

What should they really be eating?

Friday Night Meal:

Salad (no thick dressings) 

Pasta: As with other grain-based foods, whole-grain pasta supplies more nutrition, yields longer-lasting energy, and promotes less fat storage than regular pasta.

Lean meat: Lean beef, steak and roast are good choices. If you choose chicken, the  breast (no skin) is leaner than the dark meat.

Lots of Water: No juice, sodas or tea

Athlete Meet Day Morning Meal

Eat a light, healthy breakfast before 7:00a.m.

Options include: Waffles/Pancakes - no butter or syrup, dry cereal (unsweetened), cereal bar, dry bagels, fruit (small amount).  Try to avoid:  biscuits, meat, juice, milk and/or dairy products (including yogurt)

Athlete Food/Drink During the Meet:

Pasta, lean chicken (baked or grilled), PB&J Sandwiches (on wheat), granola bars, fresh or dried fruit, trail mix, Water. Snacks are most beneficial if consumed within 15 minutes of an event.

 Try to avoid: Cheese, Mayo, fried foods, junk food, chips, and processed meats and only use Gatorade after competing.

Crazy for Bananas

Did you know.. 

Never, put your banana in the refrigerator!!!...
This is interesting. After reading this, you'll never look at a banana in the same way again.

Bananas contain three natural sugars - sucrose, fructose and glucose combined with fiber. A banana gives an instant, sustained and substantial boost of energy. 

Research has proven that just two bananas provide enough energy for a strenuous 90-minute workout. No wonder the banana is the number one fruit with the world's leading athletes.

But energy isn't the only way a banana can help us keep fit. It can also help overcome or prevent a substantial number of illnesses and conditions, making it a must to add to our daily diet.

Chocolate Milk does the body good!

One of the best post-workout options is chocolate milk. Most prepared chocolate milk beverages are made with 1 percent or 2 percent milk, but you could also create your own fat-free chocolate milk by adding some chocolate syrup to regular skim milk. This will provide you with the benefits of carbohydrates, while giving you the optimal protein source found in milk.

Do make note, though, that different brands will vary in total calorie content, so even across the 1 percent varieties, the fat content may be the same, but total calorie content (typically ranging from 90 to 200 per 250 ml) will differ.
Here’s why post-workout chocolate milk tops the list when it comes to fueling yourself after a hard session at the gym.

Protein Content
Post-workout chocolate milk is beneficial because of its protein content. Every cup contains between eight and 11 grams of protein, with the Clover and Bravo Foods brands containing the most. Ideally, you’ll want to consume between 15 and 25 grams of protein after a workout, which equates to 500 to 750 ml of chocolate milk. Also, a study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that, when taken immediately after exercise, milk-based proteins promote greater muscle protein synthesis than soy-based proteins.

Finally, another reason why post-workout chocolate milk is beneficial is because cow’s milk contains about 80 percent casein protein content and 20 percent whey protein content. This is ideal because the whey protein is fast-acting, allowing amino acids to get right into the muscle tissue, while the casein protein is digested slower, providing a steady stream of amino acids over a lengthier period of time.

Carbohydrate Content
Turning to post-workout chocolate milk immediately following your lifting sessions is a smart move because of the types of carbohydrates it provides. The total carbohydrate count will vary depending upon the brand you choose, with most coming in around 20 to 25 grams of carbohydrates. The highest carb count is found in Hershey’s 2 percent Chocolate Milk, which rings in at 31 grams, while Hood’s Calorie Countdown 2 percent Chocolate Milk has the lowest carb count (5 grams).

This sugar will cause a spike in insulin levels, driving the glucose molecules into the muscle tissue and replenishing the energy stores for your next workout. Without this insulin spike, you’re going to be looking at a slower recovery period, which could mean more time out of the gym.

A study by the International Journal of Sports Nutrition had subjects perform three interval-style, exhaustion workout sessions on separate days, and then monitored the recovery that was demonstrated. The subjects consumed either chocolate milk or a carbohydrate replacement fluid post-workout.

Chocolate Milk
It was seen that after the recovery period was over, those who were drinking post-workout chocolate milk showed enhanced performance between the interval sessions, indicating that the carbohydrates in chocolate milk were doing a better job in recovery than the carbohydrates in the replacement beverage.

Calcium Content
Finally, drinking post-workout chocolate milk is a smart move because of its calcium content. Calcium is one of the minerals that plays a critical role in the “power stroke” – when the individual muscle fibers generate tension through a cross-bridge cycling pattern, causing contraction to take place. The calcium ions are what bind to the plasma membrane and send one of the first signals to stimulate the power stroke. So, without enough calcium ions in the body, this process will not take place optimally.

By drinking post-workout chocolate milk you will increase your daily calcium intake, and increase the likelihood of an optimal power stroke. Most brands average between 300 and 400 mg of calcium, but if you opt for Hershey’s Chocolate Milk, you’ll get 500 mg per cup.

Milk it
Chocolate milk has a bad rep for being full of sugar, but perception is quickly changing and people are turning to it after their workout sessions. So, there’s no need to spend tons of money on mixing up some fancy post-workout beverage – consider using simple chocolate milk instead.